In hydrotherapy, water is used in different ways; for example steam baths, hip baths, spinal baths, cold body packs and local compresses. The purpose is to dissolve and assist in the elimination of toxic substances stored in the body tissue through increasing blood circulation.
Hip bath is one of the most useful forms of hydrotherapy. A special type of tub is used for the purpose. The tub is filled with water in such a way that it covers the hips and reaches up to the navel when the patient sits in it.
The water temperature should be 18-240C. The duration of the bath is usually 15 minutes. If the patient feels cold or is very weak, a hot foot immersion should be given with the cold hip bath. The patient should rub the abdomen gently with a moderately coarse wet cloth. The legs, feet and upper part of the body should remain completely dry during and after the bath. The patient should undertake moderate exercise or yogasanas after the cold hip bath to warm the body. A cold hip bath is a routine treatment in most diseases.
This bath is generally taken for 10 minutes at a water temperature of 40-450 C. The patient should drink one glass of cold. water. A cold compress should be placed on the head. A cold shower bath should be taken immediately after the hot hip bath. Care should be taken to prevent the patient from catching a chill after the bath. The bath should be terminated if the patient feels giddy or complains of excessive pam.
The temperature of the water should be 32360C. This bath is generally taken for 15- 20 minutes. The patient should drink one or two glasses of cold water and sit in the tub, avoiding friction to the abdomen. Cold compress should be kept on the head. After neutral hip bath relax for 30 minutes.
This is also known as repulsive hip bath. The temperature in the hot tub should be 40-450C and in the cold tub 18-240C. There are two methods of giving this bath. In both the methods 1-2 glasses of water should be taken before treatment. The head should be kept cool by applying cold compress over the head. The treatment should end with cold hip bath.
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